Surface and near-surface parameters of wind speed, temperature, and humidity will be derived from a combination of satellite observations, with a focus on the use of these variables towards determination of the air-sea turbulent heat fluxes. This research falls directly in line with the NOAA Climate Data Records focus on the Earth’s energy and water cycles. The goals for this project are:
- The production of a long-term set of surface and near-surface parameters leading to fluxes with consistent, homogeneous errors that have been subjected to a rigorous error analysis
- Appropriate documentation for the dataset
- Codes for the dataset
- A procedure for quality control
The dataset will be a follow-on to the CDR SeaFlux Version 1 dataset. This currently covers the time period of 1988 through 2008, and the variables of sea surface temperature and 10-m temperature, wind speed, and specific humidity at a 3-hourly, 0.25º resolution over the global oceans. These products will be developed for the specific focus of accurate determination of the surface turbulent fluxes. The current dataset will be brought forward to short latency by adding in SSMIS data. As with the shorter (10-year) Version 1 dataset, the TCDRs will be compared against the tens of thousands of measurements available from the SeaFlux Database, in addition to the high-resolution IVAD dataset, based on the ships of opportunity dataset used to develop ICOADS.
For more information (and data), please see the following products from the Climate Data Record Program website and view the following Atmospheric CRDs: Ocean Near-surface Atmospheric Properties, Sea Surface Temperature, and Ocean Heat Fluxes